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دار جامعة عدن للطباعة والنشر تصدر كتاب للدكتور/ خالد باسليم



أصدرت دار جامعة عدن للطباعة والنشر كتاب جديد ضمن

سلسلة الكتاب الجامعي لعام 2014

بعنوان: 


Computer Fundamentals

للدكتور/ خالد باسليم

 



غلاف الكتاب




ونستعرض هنا مقدمة الكتاب ومحتوياته


     

PREFACE

 

     This book is designed to meet therequirements of beginner users of computers; also it is intended to be areference for both instructors and students. In this scope, it contains thefundamental concepts in the field of computer science and engineering. Its mainobjective is to serve as a theoretical and practical support destined for thestudents who attend the first course entitled “introduction to computers” or“essentials of computer organization and programming”. Also, it is planned tobe used as a basic aid for all the beginners who start using personalcomputers. For this reason, special emphasis is given for the IBM compatiblemicrocomputers, that are generally known as personal computers or PCs.

     The material is organized in eightchapters. The first chapter, entitled computer development and architecture,deals with the main concepts in this field and the basic organization ofcomputers. It explains briefly the structural entities of microcomputers andtheir uses, also it introduces the terminology used in this field.

     Chapter 2, data representation andnumber systems, deals mainly with the essential alphanumerical codes usedin computers, as well as the different numbering systems and conversion betweenthem. Chapter 3, is concerned with the operating systems and mainworking environment of IBM compatible computers.

Chapter 4, initiation to computer algorithms, establishes themain ideas in software side, and emphasizes the difference between algorithmsand programs. It explains the main types of program flowcharts via examples.

     Chapter 5, ProgrammingLanguages And Fundamental Programming concepts, explains the mainprogramming data types and concepts by the aid of a wide range of problems andexamples.

     The nextstep is to initiate the student to programming with Q-BASIC  language (chapter 6), or with Pascal language(chapter 7). The teacher can choose one of these two chapters.

     Chapter 8, Fundamentals OfComputer Hardware and Organization, contains the essential of componentsand peripheral units used in PCs. Also, it explains briefly the busorganization of PC.

     Appendix Acontains many practical works concerning the hardware, the operating system (DOSand Windows), Windows applications (WordPad), and Pascal programming language.

 

BRIEF CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

Preface           

9

 

Acknowledgement

10

Chapter 1:

Computer Development and Architecture

11

Chapter 2:

Data Representation and Number Systems

31

Chapter 3:

Operating Systems      

57

Chapter 4:

Initiation to Computer Algorithms      

75

Chapter 5:

Programming Languages And Fundamental Programming Concepts

99

Chapter 6:

Programming With Q-Basic

117

Chapter 7:

Programming With Pascal Language

141

Chapter 8:

Fundamentals of Computer Hardware and Organization

167

 

Appendix A: Practical Works

179

 

Appendix B: ASCII & EBCDIC code sets

237

 

Quiz                                                                            

241

 

References                              

245